An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the solemnization in India of the marriages of Christians. WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to the solemnization in India of the marriages of persons professing the Christian religion;

Indian Christian Marriage Act

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THE INDIAN CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE ACT, 1872

ACT No. 15 OF 1872

[18th July, 1872.]

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the solemnization

in India of the marriages of Christians.

Preamble.

Preamble.-WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law

relating to the solemnization in India of the marriages of persons

professing the Christian religion ; It is hereby enacted as follows:-

PRELIMINARY

1. Short title.

1.Short title. This Act may be called the Indian Christian

Marriage Act, 1872.

Extent.

Extent.-1*[It extends to the whole of India 2*[except 3*[the

territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were

comprised in the States] of Travancore-Cochin, Manipur and Jammu and

Kashmir].]4*

5* * * * *

2 [Enactments repealed.]

2. [Enactments repealed.] Rep. by the Repealing Act, 1938 (1 of

1938), s. 2 and Sch., Pt. I.

3 Interpretation clause.

3. Interpretation clause.-In this Act, unless there is something

repugnant in the subject or context,-

" Church of England " and " Anglican " mean and apply 'to the

Church of England as by law established;

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1. Subs. by A. O. 1950,for the second para., as amended by A. O.

1937 and A. O. 1948. [NOTE: The Act does not extend to the State of

Manipur, vide Act 30 of 1950, s. 3(2A) and Sch. as amended by Act 68

of 1956, s. 2. The Act has been extended to and brought into force in

Dadra and Nagar Haveli (w.e.f. 1-7-1965) by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 and

Sch. I.]

2. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch., for "except Part B

States".

3. Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "the

States",.

4. In its application to Pondicherry, in section 1, the following

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shall be inserted at the end-

Provided that nothing contained in this Act shall apply to the

Renoncants of the Union territory of Pondicherry. "--(Vide Act 26 of

1968).

5. The commencement cl. rep. by Act 16 of 1874, s. 1 and Sch., Pt.

I.

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"Church of Scotland" means the Church of Scotland as by law

established ;

" Church of Rome" and "Roman Catholic" mean and apply to the Church

which regards the Pope of Rome as its spiritual head;

" Church " includes any chapel or other building generally used for

public Christian worship ;

1*["India" means the 2*[territories] to which this Act extends;]

"minor" means a person who has not completed the age of twenty-one

years and who is not a widower or a widow;

3* * * * * * *

the expression " Christians " means persons professing the Christian

religion;

4*[and the expression "Indian Christians" includes the Christian

descendants of natives of India converted to Christianity, as well as

such converts;]

5*["Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages" means a

Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages appointed under the

Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1886 (6 of 1886).]

PART I

THE PERSONS BY WHOM MARRIAGES MAY BE SOLEMNIZED

4 Marriages to be solemnized according to Act.

4. Marriages to be solemnized according to Act.-Every marriage

between persons, one or both of whom is 6*[or are] a Christian or

Christians, shall be solemnized in accordance with the provisions of

the next following section; and any such marriage solemnized otherwise

than in accordance with such provisions shall be void.

5 Persons by whom marriages may be solemnized.

5. Persons by whom marriages may be solemnized.-Marriages may be

solemnized in 7*[India]-

(1) by any person who has received episcopal ordination,

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provided that the marriage be solemnized according to the

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1 Ins. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch.

2 Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "territory

comprised in the States".

3 The definition of "Native State " rep. by the A. O. 1937.

4 Subs. by A. O. 1950, for the original definition.

5 Ins. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30.

6 Ins. by Act 12 of 1891, s. 2 and Sch. II.

7 Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, S. 3 and Sch., for "Part A States and Part C

States ".

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rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of the 'Church of which he is a

Minister ;

(2) by any Clergyman of the Church of Scotland, provided that such

marriage be solemnized according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and

customs of the Church of Scotland ;

(3) by any Minister of Religion licensed under this Act to solemnize

marriages;

(4) by, or in the presence of, a Marriage Registrar appointed under

this Act;

(5) by any person licensed under this Act to grant certificates

of marriage between 1*[Indian] Christians.

6 Grant and revocation of licenses to solemnize marriages.

2*[6.Grant and revocation of licenses to solemnize marriages.-The

State Government, so far as regards the territories under its

administration, 3* * * may, by notification in the Official Gazette 4*

* *, grant licenses to Ministers of Religion to solemnize marriages

within such territories 5 * * * and may, by a like notification

revoke such licenses.]

7 Marriage Registrars.

7. Marriage Registrars.-The State Government may appoint one or

more Christians, either by name or as holding any office for the time

being, to be the Marriage Registrar or Marriage Registrars for any

district subject to its administration.

Senior Marriage Registrar.

Senior Marriage Registrar.-Where there are more Marriage

Registrars than one in any district, the State Government shall

appoint one of them to be the Senior Marriage Registrar.

Magistrate when to be marriage Registrar.

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Magistrate when to be marriage Registrar.-When there is only one

Marriage Registrar in a district, and such Registrar is absent from

such district, or ill, or when his office is temporarily vacant, the

Magistrate of the district shall act as, and be, Marriage Registrar

thereof during such absence, illness, or temporary vacancy.

8 Marriage Registrars in Indian States.

8.[Marriage Registrars in Indian States.] Rep. by the A. O. 1950.

9 Licensing of persons to grant certificates of marriage between Indian

Christians.

9.Licensing of persons to grant certificates of marriage between

Indian Christians.-The State Government 6* * * may grant a license to

any Christian, either by name or as holding any office for the time

being, authorizing him to grant certificates of marriage between

1*[Indian] Christians.

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1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Native".

2 Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 1, for the original s. 6.

3 The words " and the Central Government, so far as regards any

Indian State " as amended by the A. O. 1937, for the original words,

were rep. by the A. O. 1950.

4 The words "or in the Gazette of India, as the case may be" rep.

by the A. O. 1937.

5 The words " and State, respectively," rep. by the A. O. 1950.

6 The words "or (so far as regards any Indian State) the Central

Government " as amended by the A. O. 1937 for the original words, rep.

by the A. O. 1950.

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Any such license may be revoked by the authority by which it was

granted, and every such grant or revocation shall be notified in the

Official Gazette.

PART II

TIME AND PLACE AT WHICH MARRIAGES MAY BE SOLEMNIZED

10. Time for solemnizing marriage.

10.Time for solemnizing marriage.-Every marriage under this Act

shall be solemnized between the hours of six in the morning and seven

in the evening:

Exceptions.

Exceptions.-Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to-

(1) a Clergyman of the Church of England solemnizing a

marriage under a special license permitting him to do so at

any hour other than between six in the morning and seven in

the evening, under the hand and seal of the Anglican Bishop

of the Diocese or his Commissary, or

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(2) a Clergyman of the Church of Rome solemnizing a

marriage between the hours of seven in the evening and six in

the morning, when he has received a general or special

license in that behalf from the Roman Catholic Bishop of the

Diocese or Vicariate in which such marriage is so solemnized,

or from such person as the same Bishop has authorized to

grant such license, 1*[or

(3) a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland solemnizing a

marriage according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and

customs of the Church of Scotland.]

11. Place for solemnizing marriage.

11.Place for solemnizing marriage.-No Clergyman of the Church of

England shall solemnize a marriage in any place other than a church

2*[where worship is generally held according to the forms of the

Church of England],

unless there is no 2*[such] church within five miles distance by

the shortest road from such place, or

unless he has received a special license authorizing him to do so

under the hand and seal of the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or his

Commissary.

Fee for special license.

Fee for special license. For such special license, the Registrar

of the Diocese may charge such additional fee as the said Bishop from

time to time authorizes.

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1 Ins. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 2.

2 Ins. by s. 3, ibid.

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PART III

MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY MINISTERS OF RELIGION LICENSED UNDER THIS

ACT.

12 Notice of intended marriage.

12. Notice of intended marriage.-Whenever a marriage is intended

to be solemnized by a Minister of Religion licensed to solemnize

marriages under this Actone

of the persons intending marriage shall give notice in

writing, according to the form contained in the First Schedule hereto

annexed, or to the like effect, to the Minister of Religion whom he or

she desires to solemnize the marriage, and shall state therein-

(a) the name and surname, and the profession or condition,

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of each of the persons intending marriage.

(b) the dwelling-place of each of them,

(c) the time during which each has dwelt there, and

(d) the church or private dwelling in which the marriage is

to be solemnized:

Provided that, if either of such persons has dwelt in the place

mentioned in the notice during more than one month, it may be stated

therein that he or she has dwelt there one month and upwards.

13 Publication of such notice.

13.Publication of such notice.-If the persons intending marriage

desire it to be solemnized in a particular church, and if the Minister

of Religion to whom such notice has been delivered be entitled to

officiate therein, he shall cause the notice to be affixed in some

conspicuous part of such church.

Return or transfer of notice.

Return or transfer of notice.-But if he is not entitled to

officiate as a Minister in such church, he shall, at his option,

either return the notice, to the person who delivered it to him, or

deliver it to some other Minister entitled to officiate therein, who

shall thereupon cause the notice to be affixed as aforesaid.

14 Notice of intended marriage in private dwelling.

14.Notice of intended marriage in private dwelling.-If it be

intended that the marriage shall be solemnized in a private dwelling,

the Minister of Religion, on receiving the notice prescribed in

section 12, shall forward it to the Marriage Registrar of the

district, who shall affix the same to some conspicuous place in his

own office.

15 Sending copy of notice to Marriage Registrar when one party is a

minor.

15.Sending copy of notice ot Marriage Registrar when one party is

a minor.-When one of the persons intending marriage is a minor, every

Minister receiving such notice shall, unless within twenty-four

hours after its receipt he returns the same under the provisions of

section 13, send by the post or otherwise a copy of such notice to the

Marriage Registrar of the district, or, if there be more than one

Registrar of such district, to the Senior Marriage Registrar.

16 Procedure on receipt of notice.

16. Procedure on receipt of notice.-The Marriage Registrar or

Senior Marriage Registrar, as the case may be, on receiving any such

notice, shall affix it to some conspicuous place in his own office,

and the latter shall further cause a copy of the said notice to be

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sent to each of the other Marriage Registrars in the same district,

who shall likewise publish the same in the manner above directed.

17 Issue of certificate of notice given and declaration made.

17.Issue of certificate of notice given and declaration made.-Any

Minister of Religion consenting or intending to solemnize any such

marriage as aforesaid, shall, on being required so to do by or on

behalf of the person by whom the notice was given, and upon one of the

persons intending marriage making the declaration hereinafter

required, issue under his hand a certificate of such notice having

been given and of such declaration having been made:

Proviso.

Proviso. Provided-

(1) that no such certificate shall be issued until the

expiration of four days after the date of the receipt of the

notice by such Minister;

(2) that no lawful impediment be shown to his satisfaction

why such certificate should not issue ; and

(3) that the issue of such certificate has not been

forbidden, in manner hereinafter mentioned, by any person

authorized in that behalf.

18 Declaration before issue of certificate.

18. Declaration before issue of certificate.-The certificate

mentioned in section 17 shall not be issued until one of the persons

intending marriage has appeared personally before the Minister and

made a solemn declaration-

(a) that he or she believes that there is not any

impediment of kindred or affinity, or other lawful hindrance,

to the said marriage, and, when either or both of the parties

is or are a minor or minors,

(b) that the consent or consents required by law has cr

have been obtained thereto, or that there is no person resident

in India having authority to give such consent, as the

case may be.

19 Consent of father, or guardian, or mother.

19. Consent of father, or guardian, or mother.-The father, if

living, of any minor, or, if the father be dead. the guardian of the

person of such minor, and, in case there be no such guardian, then the

mother of such minor, may give consent to the minor's marriage,

and such consent is hereby required for the same marriage, unless

no person authorized to give such consent be resident in India.

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20. Power to prohibit by notice issue of certificate.

20. Power to prohibit by notice issue of certificate.-Every

person whose consent to a marriage is required under section 19, is

hereby authorized to prohibit the issue of the certificate by any

Minister, at any time before the issue of the same, by notice in

writing to such Minister, subscribed by the person, so authorized with

his or her name and place of abode and position with respect to either

of the persons intending marriage, by reason of which he or she is so

authorized as aforesaid.

21. Procedure on receipt of notice.

21. Procedure on receipt of notice.-If any such notice be

received by such Minister, he shall not issue his certificate and

shall not solemnize the said marriage until he has examined into the

matter of the said prohibition, and is satisfied that the person

prohibiting the marriage has no lawful authority for such prohibition,

or until the said notice is withdrawn by the person who gave it.

22. Issue of certificate in case of minority.

22. Issue of certificate in case of minority.-When either of the

persons intending marriage is a minor, and the Minister is not

satisfied that the consent of the person whose consent to such

marriage is required by section 19 has been obtained, such Minister

shall not issue such certificate until the expiration of fourteen days

after the receipt by him of the notice of marriage.

23. Issue of certificates to Indian Christians.

23. Issue of certificates to Indian Christians.-When any

1*[Indian] Christian about to be married takes a notice of marriage to

a Minister of Religion, or applies for a certificate from such

Minister under section 17, such Minister shall, before

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1. Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for " Native".

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issuing the certificate, ascertain whether such 1*[Indian] Christian

is cognizant of the purport and effect of the said notice or

certificate, as the case may be, and, if not, shall translate or cause

to be translated the notice or certificate to such 1*[Indian]

Christian into some language which he understands.

24. Form of certificate.

24. Form of certificate.-The certificate to be issued by such

Minister shall be in the form contained in the Second Schedule hereto

annexed, or to the like effect.

25. Solemnization of marriage.

25. Solemnization of marriage.-After the issue of the certificate

by the Minister, marriage may be solemnized between the persons

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therein described according to such form or ceremony as the Minister

thinks fit to adopt:

Provided that the marriage be solemnized in the presence of at

least two witnesses besides the Minister.

26. Certificate void if marriage not solemnized within two months.

26. Certificate void if marriage not solemnized within two

months.-Whenever a marriage is not solemnized within two months after

the date of the certificate issued by such Minister as aforesaid, such

certificate and all proceedings (if any) thereon shall be void,

and no person shall proceed to solemnize the said marriage until

new notice has been given and a certificate thereof issued in manner

aforesaid.

PART IV

REGISTRATION OF MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY MINISTERS OF RELIGION

27. Marriages when to be registered.

27. Marriages when to be registered.-All marriages hereafter

solemnized in 2*[India] between persons one or both of whom professes

or profess the Christian religion, except marriages solemnized under

Part V or Part VI of this Act, shall be registered3* in manner

hereinafter prescribed.

28. Registration of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of Church of England

28.Registration of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of Church of

England.-Every Clergyman of. the Church of England shall keep a

register of marriages and shall register therein, according to the

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1. Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for " Native".

2. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s., 3 and Sch., for "a Part A State or a

Part C State".

3. As to the establishment of general registry offices of births.

deaths and marriages, see the Births, Deaths and Marriages

Registration Act, 1886 (6 of 1886), Ch. II.

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tabular form set forth in the Third Schedule hereto annexed, every

marriage which he solemnizes under this Act.

29. Quarterly returns to Archdeaconry.

29. Quarterly returns to Archdeaconry.-Every Clergyman of the

Church of England shall send four times in every year returns in

duplicate, authenticated by his signature, of the entries in the

register of marriages solemnized at any place where he has any

spiritual charge, to the Registrar of the Archdeaconry to which he is

subject, or within the limits of 'Which such place is situate.

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Contents of returns

Contents of returns.-Such quarterly returns shall contain all the

entries of marriages contained in the said register from the first day

of January to the thirty-first day of March, from the first day of

April to the thirtieth day of June, from the first day of July to the

thirtieth day of September, and from the first day of October to the

thirty-first day of December, of each year, respectively, and shall be

sent by such Clergyman within two weeks from the expiration of each of

the quarters above specified.

The said Registrar upon receiving the said returns shall send one

copy thereof to the 1*[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and

Marriages].

30. Registration and returns of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of

Church of Rome.

30. Registration and returns of marriages solemnized by Clergymen

of Church of Rome.-Every marriage solemnized by a Clergyman of the

Church of Rome shall be registered by the person and according to the

form directed in that behalf by the Roman Catholic Bishop of the

Diocese or Vicariate in which such marriage is solemnized,

and such person shall forward quarterly to the 1[Registrar

General of Births, Deaths and Marriages] returns of the entries of all

marriages registered by him during the three months next preceding.

31. Registration and returns of marriages solemnized by Clergymen of

church of Scotland.

31. Registration and returns of marriages solemnized by Clergymen

of church of Scotland.-Every Clergyman of the Church of Scotland shall

keep a register of marriages,

and shall register therein, according to the tabular form set

forth in the Third Schedule hereto annexed, every marriage which he

solemnizes under this Act,

and shall forward quarterly to the 1*[Registrar General of

Births, Deaths and Marriages], through the Senior Chaplain of the

Church

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1 Subs. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30(b), for "Secretary to the L. G.".

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of Scotland, returns, similar to those prescribed in section 29, of

all such marriages.

32. Certain marriages to be registered in duplicate.

32. Certain marriages to be registered in duplicate.-Every

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marriage solemnized by any person who has received episcopal

ordination, but who is not a Clergyman of the Church of England, or of

the Church of Rome, or by any Minister of Religion licensed under this

Act to solemnize marriages, shall immediately after the solemnization

thereof, be registered in duplicate by the person solemnizing the same

; (that is to say) in a marriage-register book to be kept by him for

that purpose, according to the form contained in the Fourth Schedule

hereto annexed, and also in a certificate attached to the marriageregister-

book as a counterfoil.

33. Entries of such marriages to be signed and attested.

33.Entries of such marriages to be signed and attested.-The entry

of such marriage in both the certificate and marriage-register-book

shall be signed by the person solemnizing the marriage, and also by

the persons married, and shall be attested by two credible witnesses,

other than the person solemnizing the marriage, present at its

solemnization.

Every such entry shall be made in order from the beginning to the

end of the book, and the number of the certificate shall correspond

with that of the entry in the marriage-register-book.

34. Certificate to be forwarded to Marriagess Registrar, copid and sent to

Register General.

34.Certificate to be forwarded to Marriagess Registrar, copied and

sent to Registar General.-The person solemnizing the marriage shall

forthwith separate the certificate from the marriage-register-book and

send it, within one month from the time of the solemnization, to the

Marriage Registrar of the district in which the marriage was

solemnized, or, if there be more Marriage Registrars than one, to the

Senior Marriage Registrar,

who shall cause such certificate to be copied into a book to be

kept by him for that purpose,

and shall send all the certificates which he has received during

the month, with such number and signature or initials added thereto as

are hereinafter required, to the 1*[Registrar General of Births,

Deaths and Marriages].

35. Copies of certificates to be entered and numbered.

35. Copies of certificates to be entered and numbered.-Such

copies shall be entered in order from the beginning to the end of the

said book, and shall bear both the number of the certificate as

copied, and also a number to be entered by the Marriage

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1 Subs. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30(b), for " Secretary to the L, G.".

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Registrar, indicating the number of the entry of the said copy in the

said book, according to the order in which he receives each

certificate.

36. Registrar to add number of entry to certificate, and sent to Registrar

General.

36.Registrar to add number of entry to certificate, and sent to

Registrar General.-The Marriage Registrar shall also add such lastmentioned

number of the entry of the copy in the book to the

certificate, with his signature or initials, and shall, at the end of

every month, send the same to the 1*[Registrar General of Births,

Deaths and Marriages].

37. Registration of marriages between Indian Christians, by persons

referred to in clauses (1), (2) and (3) of section 5.

37. Registration of marriages between Indian Christians, by

persons referred to in clauses (1), (2) and (3) of section 5.-When

any marriage between 1*[Indian] Christians is solemnized 3*[by any

such person, Clergyman or Minister of Religion as is referred to in

clause (1), clause (2) or clause (3) of section 5],the person

solemnizing the same shall, instead of proceeding in the manner

provided by sections 28 to 36, both inclusive, register the marriage

in a separate register-book, and shall keep it safely until it is

filled, or, if he leave the district in which he solemnized the

marriage before the said book is filled, shall make over the same to

the person succeeding to his duties in the said district.

Custody and disposal of register book.-Whoever has the control of

the book at the time when it is filled, shall send it to the Marriage

Registrar of the district, or, if there be more Marriage Registrars

than one, to the Senior Marriage Registrar, who shall send it to the

1*[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages,] to be kept by

him with the records of his office,

PART V

MARRIAGES SOLEMNIZED BY, OR IN THE PRESENCE OF, A MARRIAGE

REGISTRAR

38. Notice of intended marriage before Marriage Registrar.

38. Notice of intended marriage before Marriage Registrar.-When a

marriage is intended to be solemnized by, or in the presence of, a

Marriage Registrar, one of the parties to such marriage shall give

notice in writing, in the form contained in the First Schedule hereto

annexed, or to the like effect, to any Marriage Registrar of the

district within which the parties have dwelt,

or, if the parties dwell in different districts, shall give the

like notice to a Marriage Registrar of each district,

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1 Subs. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30(b), for " Secretary to the L. G."

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2 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Native".

3 Subs. by Act 18 of 1928, s. 2 and Sch. I, for " under Part I or

Part III of this Act".

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and shall state therein the name and surname, and the profession

or condition, of each of the parties intending marriage, the dwellingplace

of each of them, the time during which each has dwelt therein,

and the place at which the marriage is to be solemnized:

Provided that, if either party has dwelt in the place stated in

the notice for more than one month, it may be stated therein that he

or she has dwelt there one month and upwards.

39. Publication of notice.

39.Publication of notice.-Every Marriage Registrar shall, on

receiving any such notice, cause a copy thereof to be affixed in some

conspicuous place in his office.

When one of the parties intending marriage is a minor, every

Marriage Registrar shall, within twenty-four hours after the receipt

by him of the notice of such marriage, send, by post or otherwise, a

copy of, such notice to each of the other Marriage Registrars (if any)

in the same district, who shall likewise affix the copy in some conspicuous

place in his own office.

40. Notice to be filed and copy entered in Marriage Notice Book.

40. Notice to be filed and copy entered in Marriage Notice Book.-

The Marriage Registrar shall file all such notices and keep them with

the records of his office,

and shall also forthwith enter a true copy of all such notices in a

book to be furnished to him for that purpose by the State Government,

and to be called the "Marriage Notice Book".

and the Marriage Notice Book shall be open at all reasonable times,

without fee, to all persons desirous of inspecting the same.

41. Certificate of notice given and oath made.

41.Certificate of notice given and oath made.-If the party by

whom the notice was given requests the Marriage Registrar to issue the

certificate next hereinafter mentioned, and if one of the parties

intending marriage has made oath as hereinafter required, the

Marriage Registrar shall issue under his hand a certificate of such

notice having been given and of such oath having been made:

Proviso.-Providedthat

no lawful impediment be shown to his satisfaction why such

certificate should not issue;

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that the issue of such certificate has not been forbidden, in

manner hereinafter mentioned, by any person authorized in that behalf

by this Act ;

that four days after the receipt of the notice have expired;and

further,

that where, by such oath, it appears that one of the parties

intending marriage is a minor, fourteen days after the entry of such

notice have expired.

42. Oath before issue of certificate.

42.Oath before issue of certificate.-The certificate mentioned in

section 41 shall not be issued by any Marriage Registrar, until one of

the parties intending marriage appears personally before such Marriage

Registrar, and makes oath1*-

(a) that he or she believes that there is not any

impediment of kindred or affinity, or other lawful hindrance,

to the said marriage, and

(b) that both the parties have, or (where they have dwelt

in the districts of different Marriage Registrars) that the

party making such oath has, had their, his or her usual place

of abode within the district of such Marriage Registrar,

and, where either or each of the parties is a minor,

(c) that the consent or consents to such marriage required

by law has or have been obtained thereto, or that there is no

person resident in India authorized to give such consent, as

the case may be.

43. Petition to High Court to order certificate in less than fourteen days

43.Petition to High Court to order certificate in less than

fourteen days.-When one of the parties intending marriage is a minor,

and both such parties are at the time resident in any of the towns of

Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, and are desirous of being married in less

than fourteen days after the entry of such notice as aforesaid, theymay

apply by petition to a Judge of the High Court, for an order upon

the Marriage Registrar to whom the notice of marriage has been given,

directing him to issue his certificate before the expiration of the

said fourteen days' required by section 41.

Order on petition.-And on sufficient cause being shown, the said

Judge may, in his discretion, make an order upon such Marriage

Registrar, directing him to issue his certificate at any time to be

mentioned in the said order before the expiration of the fourteen days

so required.

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And the said Marriage Registrar, on receipt of the said order,

shall issue his certificate in accordance therewith.

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1 As to the meaning of "oath", see the General Clauses Act, 1897 (10

of 1897), s. 3(37) and s. 4,

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44. Consent of father or guardian.

44.Consent of father or guardian.-The provisions of section 19

apply to every marriage under this Part, either of the parties to

which is a minor ;

Protest against issue of certificate.-and any person whose

consent to such marriage would be required thereunder may enter a

protest against the issue of the Marriage Registrar's certificate, by

writing, at any time before the issue of such certificate, the word

"forbidden" opposite to the entry of the notice of such intended

marriage in the Marriage Notice Book, and by subscribing thereto his

or her name and place of abode, and his or her position with respect

to either of the parties, by reason of which he or she is so

authorized

Effect of protest.-When such protest has been entered, no

certificate shall issue until the Marriage Registrar has examined into

the matter of the protest, and is satisfied that it ought not to

obstruct the issue of the certificate for the said marriage, or until

the protest be withdrawn by the person who entered it.

45. Petition where person whose consent is necessary is insahe, or

unjustly withholds consent.

45.Petition where person whose consent is necessary is insahe, or

unjustly withholds consent.-If any person whose consent is necessary

to any marriage under this Part is of unsound mind,

or if any such person (other than the father) without just cause

withholds his consent to the marriage,

the parties intending marriage may apply by petition, where the

person whose consent is necessary is resident within any of the towns

of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, to a Judge of the High Court, or if he

is not resident within any of the said towns, then to the District

Judge:

Procedure on petition.-And the said Judge of the High Court, or

District Judge, as the case may be, may examine the allegations of the

petition in a summary way;

and, if upon examination such marriage appears proper such Judge

of the High Court or District Judge, as the case may be, shall declare

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the marriage to be a proper marriage.

Such declaration shall be as effectual as if the person whose

consent was needed had consented to the marriage;

and, if he has forbidden the issue of the Marriage Registrar's

certificate, such certificate shall be issued and the like proceedings

may be had under this Part in relation to the marriage as if the issue

of such certificate had not been forbidden,

46. Petition when Marriage Registrar refuses certificate.

46.Petition when Marriage Registrar refuses certificate.-Whenever

a Marriage Registrar refuses to issue a certificate under this Part,

either of the parties intending marriage may apply by petition, where

the district of such Registrar is within any of the towns of Calcutta,

Madras and Bombay, to a Judge of the High Court, or if such district

is not within any of the said towns, then to the District Judge.

Procedure on petition.-The said Judge of the High Court, or

District Judge, as the case may be, may examine the allegations of the

petition in a summary way, and shall decide thereon.

The decision of such Judge of the High Court or District Judge,

as the case may be, shall be final, and the Marriage Registrar to whom

the application for the issue of a certificate was originally made

shall proceed in accordance therewith.

47. [Petition when Marriage Registrar in Indian State refuses

certificate.]

47. [Petition when Marriage Registrar in Indian State refuses

certificate.] Rep. by the A. O. 1950.

48. Petition when Registrar doubts authority of person for bidding.

48.Petition when Registrar doubts authority of person for

bidding.-Whenever a Marriage Registrar, acting under the provisions of

section 44, is not satisfied that the person forbidding the issue of

the certificate is authorized by law so to do, the said Marriage

Registrar shall apply by petition, where his district is within any of

the towns of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay, to a Judge of the High

Court, or if such district be not within any of the said towns, then

to the District Judge.

Procedure on petition.-The said petition shall state all the

circumstances of the case, and pray for the order and direction of the

Court concerning the same,

and the said Judge of the High Court or District Judge, as the

case may be, shall examine into the allegations of the petition and

the circumstances of the case,

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and if, upon such examination, it appears, that the person forbidding

the issue of such certificate is not authorized by law so to do,

such Judge of the High Court or District Judge, as the case may be,

shall declare that the person forbidding the issue of such certificate

is not authorized as aforesaid.

and thereupon such certificate shall be issued, and the like proceedings

may be had in relation to such marriage as if the issue had

not been forbidden.

1* * * * *

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1 The last three paragraphs rep. by the A. O. 1950.

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49. Liability for frivolous protest against issue of certificate.

49.Liability for frivolous protest against issue of certificate.-

Every person entering a protest with the Marriage Registrar, under

this Part, against the issue of any certificate, on grounds which such

Marriage Registrar, under section 44, or a Judge of the High Court or

the District Judge, under section 45 or 46, declares to be frivolous

and such as ought not to obstruct the issue of the certificate, shall

be liable for the costs of all proceedings in relation thereto and for

damages, to be recovered by suit by the person against whose marriage

such protest was entered.

50. Form of certificate.

50. Form of certificate.-The certificate to be issued by the

Marriage Registrar under the provisions of section 41 shall be in the

form contained in the Second Schedule to this Act annexed or to the

like effect,

and the State Government shall furnish to every Marriage Registrar

a sufficient number of forms of certificate.

51. Solemnization of marriage after issue of certificate.

51.Solemnization of marriage after issue of certificate.-After

the issue of the certificate of the Marriage Registrar, or, where

notice is required to be given under this Act to the Marriage

Registrars for different districts, after the issue of the certificates

of the Marriage Registrars for such districts,

marriage may, if there be no lawful impediment to the marriage of

the parties described in such certificate or certificates, be solemnized

between them, according to such form and ceremony as they think

fit to adopt.

But every such marriage shall be solemnized in the presence of

some Marriage Registrar (to whom shall be delivered such certificate

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or certificates as aforesaid), and of two or more credible witnesses

besides the Marriage Registrar.

And in some part of the ceremony each of the parties shall

declare as follows, or to the like effect :-

"I do solemnly declare that I know not of any lawful impediment

why I, A. B., may not be joined in matrimony to C. D. "

And each of the parties shall say to the other as follows or to

the like effect

"I call upon these persons here present to witness that I, A. B.,

do take thee, C. D., to be my lawful wedded wife [or husband]."

52. When marriage not had within two months after notice, new notice

required.

52.When marriage not had within two months after notice, new

notice notice required.-Whenever a marriage is not solemnized within

two months after the copy of the notice has been entered by the

Marriage Registrar, as required by section 40, the notice and the

certificate, if any, issued thereupon, and all other proceedings

thereupon, shall be void;

and no person shall proceed to solemnize the marriage, nor shall

any Marriage Registrar enter the same, until new notice has been

given, and entry made, and certificate thereof given, at the time and

in the manner aforesaid.

53. Marriage Registrar may ask for particulars to be registered.

53. Marriage Registrar may ask for particulars to be registered.-

A Marriage Registrar before whom any marriage is solemnized under this

Part may ask of the persons to be married the several particulars

required to be registered touching such marriage.

54. Registration of marriages solemnized under part V.

54.Registration of marriages solemnized under part V.-After the

solemnization of any marriage under this Part, the Marriage Registrar

present at such solemnization shall forthwith register the marriage in

duplicate; that is to say, in a marriage-register-book, according to

the form of the Fourth Schedule hereto annexed, and also in a

certificate attached to the marriage-register-book as a counterfoil.

The entry of such marriage in both the certificate and the

marriage-register-book shall be signed by the person by or before whom

the marriage has been solemnized, if there be any such person, and by

the Marriage Registrar present at such marriage, whether or not it is

solemnized by him, and also by the parties married, and attested by

two credible witnesses other than the Marriage Registrar and person

solemnizing the marriage.

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Every such entry shall be made in order from the beginning to the

end of the book, and the number of the certificate shall correspond

with that of the entry in the marriage-register-book.

55. Certificates to be sent monthly to Registrar General.

55. Certificates to be sent monthly to Registrar General.-The

Marriage Registrar shall forthwith separate the certificate from the

marriage-register-book and send it, at the end of every month, to the

1*[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages].

Custody of register-book.-The Marriage Registrar shall keep

safely the said register-book until it is filled, and shall then send

it to the 1*[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages], to be

kept by him with the records of his office.

56. [Officers to whom Registrars in Indian States shall send

certificates.)

56. [Officers to whom Registrars in Indian States shall send

certificates.) Rep. by the A. O. 1950.

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1 Subs. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30 (b), for "Secretary to the L. G.".

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57. Registrars to ascertain that notice and certificate are understood by

Indian Christians.

57.Registrars to ascertain that notice and certificate are

understood by Indian Christians.-When any 1*[Indian] Christian about

to be married gives a notice of marriage, or applies for a certificate

from a Marriage Registrar, such Marriage Registrar shall ascertain

whether the said 1*[Indian] Christian understands the English

language, and, if he does not, the Marriage Registrar shall translate,

or cause to be translated, such notice or certificate, or both of

them, as the case may be, to such 1*[Indian] Christian into a language

which he understands;

or the Marriage Registrar shall otherwise ascertain whether the

1*[Indian] Christian is cognizant of the purport and effect of the

said notice and certificate.

58. Indian Christians to be made to understand declarations.

58.Indian Christians to be made to understand declarations.-When

any 1*[Indian] Christian is married under the provisions of this Part,

the person solemnizing the marriage shall ascertain whether such

1*[Indian] Christian understands the English language, and, if he does

not, the person solemnizing the marriage shall, at the time of the

solemnization, translate, or cause to be translated, to such

1*[Indian] Christian, into a language which he understands, the

declarations made at such marriage in accordance with the provisions

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of this Act.

59. Registration of marriages between Indian Christians.

59.Registration of marriages between Indian Christians.-The

registration of marriages between 1*[Indian] Christians under this

Part shall be made in conformity with the rules laid down in section

37 (so far as they are applicable), and not otherwise.

PART VI 2*

MARRIAGE OF 1*[INDIAN] CHRISTIANS

60. On what conditions marriages of Indian Christians may be certified.

60.On what conditions marriages of Indian Christians may be

certified.-Every marriage between 1*[Indian] Christians applying for a

certificate, shall, without the preliminary notice required under Part

III, be certified under this Part, if the following conditions be

fulfilled, and not otherwise :-

(1) the age of the man intending to be married 3*[shall not

be under 4*[twenty-one years], and the age of the woman

intending to be married 5[shall not be under 4*[eighteen

years]];

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1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Native".

2 As to validation of past marriages solemnized under Part VI between

persons of whom one only was an Indian Christian, and penalty for

solemnizing such marriages under Part VI in future, see the Marriages

Validation Act, 1892 (2 of 1892).

3 Subs. by Act 48 of 1952. s. 3 and Sch. II, for "shall exceed sixteen

years".

4 Subs. by Act 2 of 1978. a. 6 and Sch., for "eighteen years" and

"fifteen years " respectively (w.e.f. 1-10-1978).

5 Subs. by s. 3 and Sch. II, ibid., for "shall exceed thirteen

years".

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(2) neither of the persons intending to be married shall

have a wife or husband still living;

(3) in the presence of a person licensed under section 9,

and of at least two credible witnesses other than such

person, each of the parties shall say to the other-

"I call upon these persons here present to witness that. 1,

A. B., in the presence of Almighty God, and in the name of

our Lord Jesus Christ, do take thee, C. D., to be my lawful

wedded wife [or husband]" or words to the like effect:

1* * * * *

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61. Grant of certificate.

61. Grant of certificate.-When, in respect to any marriage

solemnized under this Part, the conditions prescribed in section 60

have been fulfilled, the person licensed as aforesaid, in whose

presence the said declaration has been made, shall, on the

application of either of the parties to such marriage, and, on the

payment of a fee of four annas, grant a certificate of the marriage.

The certificate shall be signed by such licensed person, and

shall be received In any suit touching the validity of such marriage

as conclusive proof of its having been performed.

62. Keeping of register-book and deposit of extracts therefrom with

Registrar General.

2*[62. Keeping of register-book and deposit of extracts therefrom

with Registrar General.-(1) Every person licensed under section 9

shall keep in English, or in the vernacular language in ordinary use

In the district or State in which the marriage was solemnized, and in

such form as the State Government by which he was licensed may from

time to time prescribe, a register-book of all marriages solemnized

under this Part in his presence, and shall deposit in the office of

the Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages for the

territories under the administration of the said State Government, In

such form and at such intervals as that Government may prescribe, true

and duly authenticated extracts from his register-book of all entries

made therein since the last of those intervals.]

3* * * * *

63. Searches in register-book and copies of entries.

63. Searches in register-book and copies of entries.-Every person

licensed under this Act to grant certificates of marriage, and keeping

a marriage-register-book under section 62, shall

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1 Proviso omitted by Act 2 of 1978. s. 6 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-10-1978).

2 Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 4, for the original s. 62.

3 Sub-section (2), as amended by the A. O. 1937, rep. by the A. O.

1950.

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at all reasonable times, allow search to be made in such book, and

shall, on payment of the proper fee, give a copy, certified under his

hand, of any entry therein.

64. Books in which marriages of Indian Christians under Part I or Part III

are registered.

64. Books in which marriages Indian Christians under Part I or

Part III are registered.-The provisions of sections 62 and 63, as to

the form of the of register-book, depositing extracts therefrom,

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allowing searches thereof, and giving copies of the entries therein,

shall, mutatis mutandis, apply to the books kept under section 37.

65. Part VI not to apply to Romman Catholics. Saving of certain marriages.

65.Part VI not to apply to Romman Catholics. Saving of certain

marriages.-This Part of this Act, except so much of sections 62 and

63 as are referred to in section 64, shall not apply to marriages

between Roman Catholics. But nothing herein contained shall

invalidate any marriage celebrated between Roman Catholics under the

provisions of Part V of Act No. 25 of 1864 1*, previous to the twentythird

day of February, 1865.

PART VII

PENALTIES

66. False oath, declaration, notice or certificate for procuring marriage.

2*[66.False oath, declaration, notice or certificate for procuring

marriage.-Whoever, for the purpose of procuring a marriage or licence

of marriage, intentionally,-

(a) where an oath or declaration is required by this Act, or

by any rule or custom of a Church according to the rites and

ceremonies of which, a marriage is intended to be solemnized,

such Church being the Church of England or of Scotland or of

Rome, makes a false oath or declaration, or,

(b) where a notice or certificate is required by this Act,

signs a false notice or certificate,

shall be deemed to have committed the offence punishable under section

193 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) with imprisonment of either

description for a term which may extend to three years and, at the

discretion of the Court, with fine.]

67. Forbidding, by false personation issue of certificate by Marriage

Registrar.

67. Forbidding, by false personation issue of certificate by

Marriage Registrar.-Whoever forbids the issue, by a Marriage

Registrar, of a certificate, by falsely representing himself to be a

person whose consent to the marriage is required by law, knowing or

believing such

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1 Act 25 of 1864 had been rep. by Act 5 of 1865, which was rep. by

this Act,

2 Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s, 5, for the original s, 66.

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representation to be false, or not having reason to believe it to be

true, shall be deemed guilty of the offence described in section 205

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of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

68. Solemnizing marriage without due authority.

1*[68.Solemnizing marriage without due authority.-Whoever, not

being authorized by section 5 of this Act to solemnize marriages,

solemnizes or professes to solemnize, in the absence of a Marriage

Registrar of the district in which the ceremony takes place, a

marriage between persons one or both of whom is or a are a Christian

or Christians, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to

ten years, or (in lieu of a sentence of imprisonment for seven years

or upwards) with transportation for a term of not less than seven

years, and not exceeding ten years,

2* * * * *

and shall also be liable to fine.]

69. Solemnizing marriage out of proper time, or without witnesses.

69.Solemnizing marriage out of proper time, or without witnesses.-

Whoever knowingly and wilfully solemnizes a marriage between

persons, one or both of whom is or are a Christian or Christians, at

any time other than between the hours of six in the morning and seven

in the evening, or in the absence of at least two credible witnesses

other than the person solemnizing the marriage, shall be punished with

imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall

also be liable to fine.

Saving of marriages solemnized under special license.-This

section does not apply to marriages solemnized under special licenses

granted by the Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or by his Commissary,

nor to marriages performed between the hours of seven in the evening

and six in the morning by a Clergyman of the Church of Rome, when he

has received the general or special license in that behalf mentioned

in section 10.

3*[Nor does this section apply to marriages solemnized by a

Clergyman of the Church of Scotland according to the rules, rites,

ceremonies and customs of the Church of Scotland.]

70. Solemnizing without notice or within fourteen days after

notice, marriage with minor.

70. Solemnizing without notice or within fourteen days after

notice, marriage with minor.-Any Minister of Religion licensed to

solemnize marriages under this Act, who, without a notice in writing,

or, when one of the parties to the marriage is a minor and the

required consent of the parents or guardians to such marriage has not

been obtained, within fourteen days after the receipt by him of notice

of such marriage, knowingly and wilfully solemnizes a marriage under

Part III, shall

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1 Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 6, for the original s. 68.

2 The second para. as amended by Act 12 of 1891, rep. by the A. O.

1950.

3 Ins. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 7.

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be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three

years, and shall also be liable to fine.

71. Issuing certificate,or marrying,without publication of notice;

71. Issuing certificate,or marrying,without publication of

notice;-A Marriage Registrar under this Act, who commits any of the

following offences:-

(1) knowingly and wilfully issues any certificate for

marriage, or solemnizes any marriage, without publishing the

notice of such marriage as directed by this Act ;

1*[(2) marrying after expiry of notice;-after the expiration

of two months after the copy of the notice has been entered

as required by section 40 in respect of any marriage,

solemnizes such marriage ;]

(3) Solemnizing, marriage with minor within fourteen days,

without authority of Court, or without sending copy of

notice;-solemnizes, without an order of a competent Court

authorizing him to do so, any marriage, when one of the

parties is a minor, before the expiration of fourteen days

after the receipt of the notice of such marriage, or without

sending, by the post or otherwise, a copy of such notice to

the Senior Marriage Registrar of the district if there be

more Marriage Registrars of the district than one, and if he

himself be not the Senior Marriage Registrar;

(4) issuing certificate against authorised prohibition.-

issues any certificate the issue of which has been

prohibited, as in this Act provided, by any person authorized

to prohibit the issue thereof,

shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to

five years, and shall also be liable to fine.

72. Issuing certificate after expiry of notice, or, in case of minor,

within fourteen days after notice, or against authorised prohibition.

72.Issuing certificate after expiry of notice, or, in case of

minor, within fourteen days after notice, or against authorised

prohibition.-Any Marriage Registrar knowingly and wilfully issuing any

certificate for marriage after the expiration of 2*[two months] after

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the notice has been entered by him as aforesaid,

or knowingly and wilfully issuing, without the order of a competent

Court authorizing him so to do, any certificate for marriage,

where one of the parties intending marriage is a minor, before the

expiration of fourteen days after the entry of such notice, or any

certificate the issue of which has been forbidden as aforesaid by any

person authorized in this behalf,

shall be deemed to have committed an offence under section 166 of the

Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

73. Persons authorized to solemnize marriage (other than Clergy of

Churches of England, Scotland or Rome);

73.Persons authorized to solemnize marriage (other than Clergy of

Churches of England, Scotland or Rome);-Whoever, being authorized

under this Act to solemnize a marriage,

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1 Subs. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 8(1) for the original cl. (2).

2 Subs. by s. 8 (2), ibid., for " three months".

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and not being a Clergyman of the Church of England solemnizing a

marriage after due publication of banns, or under a license from the

Anglican Bishop of the Diocese or a Surrogate duly authorized in that

behalf,

or, not being a Clergyman of the Church of Scotland, solemnizing

a marriage according to the rules, rites, ceremonies and customs of

that church,

or, not being a Clergyman of the Church of Rome, solemnizing a

marriage according to the rites, rules, ceremonies and customs of that

church,

issuing certificate, or marrying, without publishing notice, or

after expiry of certificate;-knowingly and wilfully issues any

certificate for marriage under this Act, or solemnizes any marriage

between such persons as aforesaid, without publishing, or causing to

be affixed, the notice of such marriage as directed in Part III of

this Act, or after the expiration of two months after the certificate

has been issued by him ;

issuing certificate for, or solemnizing, marriage with

minor, within fourteen days after notice;-or knowingly and wilfully

issues any certificate for marriage, or solemnizes a marriage between

such persons when one of the persons intending marriage is a minor,

before the expiration of fourteen days after the receipt of notice of

such marriage, or without sending, by the post or otherwise, a copy of

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such notice to the Marriage Registrar, or, if there be more Marriage

Registrars than one, to the Senior Marriage Registrar of the district;

issuing certificate authorizedly forbidden;-or knowingly and

wilfully issues any certificate the issue of which has been forbidden,

under this Act, by any person authorized to forbid the issue ;

solemnizing marriage authorizedly forbidden.-or knowingly and

wilfully solemnizes any marriage forbidden by any person authorized to

forbid the same ;

shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to

four years, and shall also be liable to fine.

74. Unlicensed person granting certificate pretending to be licensed.

74. Unlicensed person granting certificate pretending to be

licensed.-Whoever, not being licensed to grant a certificate of

marriage under Part VI of this Act, grants such certificate intending

thereby to make it appear that he is. so licensed, shall be punished

with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, and shall

also be liable to fine.

1*[Whoever, being licensed to grant certificates of marriage under

Part VI of this Act, without just cause refuses, or wilfully neglects

or omits, to perform any of the duties imposed upon him by that Part

shall be punished with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees.]

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1 Ins. by Act 2 of 1891, s. 9.

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75. Destroying or falsifying register-books.

75. Destroying or falsifying register-books.-Whoever, by himself

or another, wilfully destroys or injures any register-book or the

counterfoil certificates thereof, or any part thereof, or any

authenticated extract therefrom,

or falsely makes or counterfeits any part of such register-book

or counterfoil certificates,

or wilfully inserts any false entry in any such register-book or

counterfoil certificate or authenticated extract,

shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to

seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.

76. Limitation of prosecutions under Act.

76.Limitation of prosecutions under Act.-The prosecution. for

every offence punishable under this Act shall be commenced within two

years after the offence is committed.

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PART VIII

MISCELLANEOUS

77. What matters need not be proved in respect of marriage in accordance

with Act.

77.What matters need not be proved in respect of marriage in

accordance with Act.-Whenever any marriage has been solemnized in

accordance with the provisions of sections 4 and 5, it shall not be

void merely on account of any irregularity in respect of any of the

following matters, namely:-

(1) any statement made in regard to the dwelling of the

persons married, or to the consent of any person whose

consent to such marriage is required by law;

(2) the notice of the marriage ;

(3) the certificate or translation thereof;

(4) the time and place at which the marriage has been

solemnized ;

(5) the registration of the marriage.

78. Corrections of errors.

78.Corrections of errors.-Every person charged with the duty of

registering any marriage, who discovers any error in the form or

substance of any such entry, may within one month next after the

discovery of such error, in the presence of the persons married, or,

in case of their death or absence, in the presence of two other

credible witnesses, correct the error by entry in the margin, without

any alteration of the original entry, and shall sign the marginal

entry, and add thereto the date of such correction, and such person

shall make the like marginal entry in the certificate thereof.

And every entry made under this section shall be attested by the

witnesses in whose presence it was made.

And, in case such certificate has been already sent to the 1*

[Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages], such person shall

make and send in like manner a separate certificate of the original

erroneous entry, and of the marginal correction therein made.

79. Searches and copies of entries.

79. Searches and copies of entries.-Every person solemnizing

a marriage under this Act, and hereby required to register the same,

and every Marriage Registrar or 2*[Registrar General of Births,

Deaths and Marriages] having the custody for the time being of any

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register of marriages, or of any certificate, or duplicate, or copies

of certificate, under this Act,

shall, on payment of the proper fees, at all reasonable times, allow

searches to be made in such register, or for such certificate, or

duplicate or copies, and give a copy under his hand of any entry in

the same.

80. Certified copy of entry in marriage register, etc., to be evidence.

80.Certified copy of entry in marriage register, etc., to be

evidence.-Every certified copy, purporting to be signed by the person

entrusted under this Act with the custody of any marriage-register or

certificate, or duplicate, required to be kept or delivered under this

Act, of any entry of a marriage in such register or of any such certificate

or duplicate, shall be received as evidence of the marriage

purporting to be so entered, or of the facts purporting to be so

certified therein, without further proof of such register or

certificate, or duplicate, or of any entry therein, respectively, or

of such copy.

81. Certificates of certain marriages to be sent to central Government.

3*[81. Certificates of certain marriages to be sent to Central

Government.-The Registrar General of Births, Deaths and Marriages 4* *

* shall, at the end of every quarter in each year, select, from the

certificates of marriages forwarded to 5*[him], during such quarter,

the certificates of the marriages of which 6*[the Government by whom

he was appointed] may desire that evidence shall be transmitted to

England, and shall send the same certificates, signed by 5*[him] to

the 7*[Central Government]].

82. State Government to prescribe fees.

82. State Government to prescribe fees.-Fees shall be chargeable

under this Act for--

receiving and publishing notices of marriages;

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1 Subs. by Act 6 of 1886, s. 30(b), for " Secretary to. the L. G.".

2 Subs. by s. 30(b), ibid., for " Secretary to a L. G.".

3 Subs. by Act 13 of 1911, s. 2, for the original s. 81.

4 The words " and the officers appointed under section 56 " rep. by

Act 48 of 1952, s. 3 and Sch. II.

5 Subs. by s. 3 and Sch. II, ibid., for " them, respectively".

6 Subs. by the A. O. 1937, for "the G. G. in C.".

7 Subs. by the A. O. 1948, for " Secretary of State for India".

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issuing 1*[certificates for marriage] by Marriage Registrars, and

registering marriages by the same;

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entering protests against, or prohibitions of, the issue of

2*[certificates for marriage] by the said Registrars;

searching register-books or certificates, or duplicates, of

copies thereof;

giving copies of entries in the same under sections 63 and 79.

The State Government shall fix the amount of such fees respectively,

and may from time to time vary or remit them either generally or in

special cases, as to it may seem fit.

83. Power to make rules.

83. Power to make rules.-3*[(1)] The State Government 4*[ may, by

notification in the Official Gazette, make rules] in regard to the

disposal of the fees mentioned in section 82, the supply of registerbooks,

and the preparation and submission of returns of marriages

solemnized under this Act.

5*[(2) Every rule made by the State Government under this section

shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before the State

Legislature.]

84. [Power to prescribe fees and rules for Indian States.]

84. [Power to prescribe fees and rules for Indian States.] Rep.

by the A.O. 1950.

85. Power to declare who shall be District Judge.

85. Power to declare who shall be District Judge.-The State

Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare who

shall, in any place to which this Act applies, be deemed to be the

District Judge.

86. [Powers and functions exercisable as regards Indian States.]

6*86.[Powers and functions exercisable as regards Indian States.]

Rep. by the A. O. 1950.

87. Saving of Consular marriages.

87. Saving of Consular marriages.-Nothing in this Act applies to

any marriage performed by any Minister, Consul, or Consular Agent

between subjects of the State which he represents and according to the

laws of such State.

88. Non-validation of marriages within prohibited degrees.

88.Non-validation of marriages within prohibited degrees.-Nothing

in this Act shall be deemed to validate any marriage which the

personal law applicable to either of the parties forbids him or her to

enter into.

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1 Subs. by Act 1 of 1903, s. 3 and Sch. II, Pt. II, for

"certificates of marriage".

2 Subs. by s. 3 and Sch. II, Pt. II, ibid., for "marriage

certificates".

3 Renumbered. by Act 20 of 1983, s.2 & Sch.(w.e.f.15-3-1984).

4 Subs. by s.2 & Sch., ibid. (w.e.f.15-3-1984).

5 Ins. by s.2 & Sch., ibid (w.e.f. 15-3-1984).

6 The original section was subs. by Act 38 of 1920, s. 2 and Sch. I.

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SCHEDULE I

(See sections 12 and 38)

NOTICE OF MARRIAGE

To a Minister [or Registrar] of

I hereby give you notice that a marriage is intended to be had,

within three calendar months from the date hereof, between me and the

other party herein named and described (that is to say) :-

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Names

Condition

Rank or Profession

Age

Dwelling Place

Length of Residence

Church, chapel or place of worship in which the marriage is to be solemnized

District in which the other party resides, when the parties dwell in different districts.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

James Smith

Widoer

Carpenter

Of Full Age

16, Cline Street

23 days

Free Church

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Martha Green

Spinster

Minor

20, Hastings Street

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More than a month

Soclland Church, Calcutta

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Witness my hand, this day of seventy two.

(Signed) JAMES SMITH

[The italics in this schedule are to be filled up, as the case may be,

and the blank division thereof is only to be filled up when one of the

parties lives in another district.]

SCHEDULE II

(See sections 24 and 50)

CERTIFICATE OF RECEIPT OF NOTICE

I, do hereby certify that, on the day of , notice was

duly entered in my Marriage Notice Book of the marriage intended

between the parties therein named and described, delivered under the

hand of ,one of the parties (that is to say):-

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Names

Condition

Rank or Profession

Age

Dwelling Place

Length of Residence

Church, chapel or place of worship in which the marriage is to be solemnized

District in which the other party resides, when the parties dwell in different districts.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

James Smith

Widoer

Carpenter

Of Full Age

16, Cline Street

23 days

Free Church

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Martha Green

Spinster

Minor

20, Hastings Street

More than a month

Soclland Church, Calcutta

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and that the declaration, 1*[or oath] required by section 17 or 41 of

the Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872,(15 of 1872) has been duly

made by the said (James Smith).

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Date of notice entered The issue of this

certificate has not

been prohibited by

any person authoriz-

Date of Certificate given) ed to forbid

the issue thereof.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Witness my hand, this day of seventy-two.

(Signed)

This certificate will be void, unless the marriage is solemnized

on or before the day of

[The italics in the schedule are to be filled up, as the case may

be, and the blank division thereof is only to be filled up when one of

the parties lives in another district.]

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1 Ins. by Act 1 of 1903, s. 3, and Sch. II, Pt. II.

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SCHEDULE III

1*[(See sections 28 and 31)]

FORM OF REGISTER OF MARRIAGES

Quarterly Returns

of

MARRIAGES

for

Calcutta.

The Archdeaconry of Madras.

Bombay.

Calcutta,

I, , Registrar of the Archdeaconry of Madras,

Bombay,

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do hereby certify that the annexed are correct copies of the

originals and Official Quarterly Returns of Marriage within the

Archdeaconry

Calcutta,

of Madras, as made and transmitted to me for the quarter

Bombay,

commencing the day of ending the

day of in the year of Our Lord

[Signature of Registrar.]

Calcutta.

Registrar of the Archdeaconry of Madras.

Bombay.

Allahabad,

MARRIAGES solemnized at Barrackpore.

Bareilly,

Calcutta, etc. etc.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

When married. Name of Parties. Age. Condition. Rank of profession.

------------ --------------- ----- ---------- --------------------

Year|Month|Day. Christian|Surname.

-------------- -----------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

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Residence at the time of marriage

Father’s Name and Surname

By banns or license

Signature of the parties

Signatures of two or more witnesses present.

Signature of the person solemnizing the marriage.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

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----------------------------------------------------------------------

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1 Subs. by Act 12 of 1891, s. 2 and Sch. II, for "(see section 28)".

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SCHEDULE IV

(See section 32 and 54 )

MARRIAGE REGISTER BOOK

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Number. When married. Name of Parties. Age. Condition. Rank of

------------ --------------- ----- ---------- --------------------

Day|Month|Year. Christian|Surname. Profession.

Name

-------------- -----------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

James. White. 26 years. Widower Carpenter.

Martha. Duncan. 17 years. Spinster. .....

1.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Residence at the time of marriage. Father's name and surname.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Agra . . William White.

Agra . . John Duncan.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Married in the

This marriage was solemnized between us | James White, | in the

| Martha Duncan,|

presence of us | John Smith. |

| John Green. |

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CERTIFICATE OF MARRIAGE

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Number. When married. Name of parties. Age. Condition. Rank of

------------ --------------- ----- ---------- --------------------

Day|Month|Year. Christian|Surname. profession.

name

-------------- -----------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

James. White. 26 years. Widower Carpenter.

Martha. Duncan. 17 years. Spinster. .....

1.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Residence at the time of marriage. Father's name and surname.

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Agra . . William White.

Agra . . John Duncan.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Married in the

This marriage was solemnized between us | James White, | in the

| Martha Duncan,|

presence of us | John Smith. |

| John Green. |

---------------------------------------------------------------------

SCHEDULE V.-[Enactments repealed.] Rep. by the Repealing Act,

1938 (1 of 1938), s. 2 and Sch., Pt. I.

Source: http://indiacode.nic.in/fullact1.asp?tfnm=187215

Download date: June 5, 2007